ORAL MEDICINE : Oral stigmatic lesions of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition and its prevalence varies in different parts of the world. GERD incidence in the population ranges from 20% to 60%. 

The most common symptoms of GERD are heartburn and acid regurgitation. Other common symptoms include water brash, belching, and nausea. 


However, symptoms of GERD could affect various tissues and organ systems beyond the esophagus: they represent the so called "extraesophageal manifestations" that include atypical chest pain that can simulate angina pectoris; ear, nose, and throat (ENT) manifestations such as globus sensation, laryngitis; pulmonary problems such as chronic cough, asthma, pulmonary aspiration and sleep apnoea. 

The Montreal definition and classification of GERD has described well-established associations, although not necessarily causal, between GERD and cough, laryngitis, asthma, and dental erosion. 

Upper respiratory tract manifestations of GERD (included the oral manifestations) such as dysphonia, laryngitis, temporomandibular disorders, xerostomia, halitosis and mucositis are widely described in the literature as related to GERD.

°Revista médica de Chile
°Oral stigmatic lesions of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
°Massimo Petruzzi / Alberta Lucchese / Guglielmo Campus / Vito Crincoli / Dorina Lauritano / Edoardo Baldoni


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